THE PROJECT «RÝHANI JAŃǴYRÝ: MÁŃGІLІK EL ALYPTARY». SAKEN SEIFULLIN

One of the founders of modern Kazakh literature, poet and writer, statesman Saken (Saduakas) Seifullin was born on October 15, 1894, in the winter quarters of Karashilik now Shet district of Karaganda region.

Saken was taught reading and writing by the village Mullah, he learned Arabic. In 1905, he continued his studies at the Russian-Kazakh school in the Nildinsky (Uspensky) mine village. In 1908-1913 Saken studied in Akmolinsk, first in a parochial school, and then in a two-year school. In the years of study he mastered deeply the Russian language and Russian literature, interacted closely with local singers and kyui performers. In 1913-1916 S. Seifullin was educated in Omsk teachers' Seminary. Here he took an active part in the activities of the youth society "Birlik" ("Unity"). This society, which initially chose the path of enlightenment, later in the peak of the first imperialist war and the revolutionary struggle dealt with political issues. In these years, he began to take an interest in literature. In 1914, in the city of Kazan his first poetry collection "Past days" was published.

In 1916, S. Seifullin founded a school in Buguli village and taught Russian. After that, he moved to the city of Akmolinsk, where he created the society "Zhas Kazak" ("Young Kazakh") and participated in the publication of the newspaper "Tirshilik" ("Life"). He is elected a member of the Presidium of the Akmola Council of Deputies, established in December 1917, and he was appointed people's commissar of education. When a coup took place in Akmola, Saken Seifullin was arrested, and then he was sent from Akmola prison to Petropavlovsk. In April 1918, he managed to escape from prison.

On May 7, 1920, Saken Seifullin returned to the liberated Akmolinsk and was appointed the first assistant to the head of the administrative department, then he became Deputy Chairman of the Akmola Executive Committee of the Council of people's deputies. At the first Constituent Congress of Soviets of Kazakhstan, held on October 4, 1920, he was elected a member of the Executive Committee, and later - a member of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee. In 1922 he was appointed the editor of the Republican newspaper "Enbekshi Kazak" ("Labor Kazakh") and Deputy people's commissar of education of the Republic. In addition, in December 1922 at the III Congress of the Kazakh ASSR Saken Seifullin was elected Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Republic (head of the government of Kazakhstan).

  

S. Seifullin, who held very high positions, also finds time for his creativity. Very popular among his poems and other creative works are a collection of poems "About the indomitable Tulpar"; books "Dombra", "Express", "On the waves of life", "Kokshetau", "Batyrs", "Kazakh literature"; poems "Albatross", "Red horse", "Khan"; plays "Way to happiness", "Red falcons"; novel "Thorny way"; prose "Aisha"; novellas "Fruits", "Diggers"; article "A brief history of Kazakh literature", and others. He is the first Kazakh writer awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor. S. Seifullin's works were published in many languages of the world.

In December 1926, he married Gulbakhram Batyrbekova. From that day on, Gulbahram became not only his beloved wife but also his friend and assistant. Saken Seifullin had two children: a daughter Laura and a son Ayan. Unfortunately, he had no descendants, both children died at an early age.

In 1937, Saken Seyfullin was arrested in Alma-Ata, his wife Gulbakhram with their son Ayan was forced to return to Akmolinsk under guard. A little boy was not able to survive a long journey. The writer never knew that his son died and was buried in Kokshetau. His wife will be unaware of her husband 's fate for 10 years.

Saken Seifullin was shot as an "enemy of the people" in one of the NKVD prisons in Alma-Ata on April 25, 1938, at 16:40. His father and elder brother suffered the same fate: in 1937 they were arrested and shot.

On March 21, 1957, the outstanding poet and writer, the great son of the Kazakh people Saken Seifullin was rehabilitated by the Military Board of the Supreme Court of the USSR for lack of crime.

The book fund of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - Elbassy contains books by S. Seifullin, as well as works, memoirs, and articles of famous writers and historians about the founder of Kazakh literature, who became a victim of Stalin's repressions in the prime of life.

Among them there is a book "Man on a high pedestal". The author of this book is the daughter of S. Seifullin's younger brother Rymzhan Seifullin. She was raised as a daughter in his family, and her husband is Karpyk Kusainov. The scientific and biographical collection "Sahara suńqary" by D. Zh. Omarbekova included selected works of S. Seifullin, research, and memories, as well as a chronological index of works.

The book "Beloved of Saken", donated to the Elbassy Library by the author, famous philologist, doctor of philological sciences, professor, S.Seifullin Prize winner Tursynbek Kakishev, tells about Saken Seifullin’s love stories, reveals the romance and passion of his nature. The book with the autograph and warm wishes of the author contains useful conclusions for modern youth.

Also in the Fund of the Library of Elbassy there is a work of T. Kakishev "Magzhan and Saken: scientific essay". This work publishes historical data from the life of the classics of Kazakh literature and their works using archival materials.

The above literature on the life and work of Saken Seifullin is available to all readers of the Library of Elbassy.