The exhibition «Black January» – way to Independence»

January 13-20, 2017
 
The exhibition «Black January» – way to Independence»
 
On January 13, 2017 at 5.00 pm. in the building of the Museum of the Library of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Leader of the Nation was held the photo exhibition «Black January» – way to Independence», dedicated to the tragic events of January 20, 1990 in Baku. The exhibition is organized jointly with the Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in the Republic of Kazakhstan in the limits of the international project of the museum «Dialogue through culture».
 
Annually the 20th of January is a day of mourning in Azerbaijan. 27 years ago, in the night of January 20, 1990 according to the direction of the leadership of the USSR the troops were entered to Baku and they brought down fire to the civilian population.
 
Before introduction of troops to Baku there were meetings with the protestation against inactivity of the republican and Soviet government concerning the naked armed aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan, excesses of the Armenian illegal armed groups on the Azerbaijani land - in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region (NKAR).
 
In the evening on January 19 the special forces of KGB of the USSR «Alpha» exploded the power generating unit at the Azerbaijani television, and the population couldn’t have the current information. The population knew about the extraordinary situation only in the morning on January 20 from the nickels after occupation of the city by the Soviet army.
 
As a result there were killed 134 civilians, more than 700 people were wounded. The military equipment passed through «alive barricades» of people who believed that military couldn’t go to unarmed people.
 
The repressions against the active members of opposition began after introduction of troops. However, despite it, on January 22 about 1 million people took part in leave-taking with the victims of a military action. The bodies of the dead people were brought to the Nagornyi park on foot. From that day it was called the Avenue of heroes. These events in the history of Azerbaijan are called as «Black January».
 
In spite of the facts that after those bloody events there were passed many years, the Azerbaijani people always remember that terrible night. The 20th of January is immortalized in the calendar as Day of national grief.
 
Due to the next anniversary of «Black January» the Embassy of Azerbaijan in the Republic of Kazakhstan were presented to public attention the photo illustrations of the consequences of January 20, 1990. They show all tragic elements of the situation when army went against unarmed people. At the same time these pictures are alive testimony of strength of mind of the Azerbaijani people. They proved in cost of many victims that concepts honour and dignity, freedom and Homeland are not mere words!
 
Tragic events of January 20, 1990 became the catalyst of the USSR’s collapse and actually made irreversible gaining of the state independence by Azerbaijan.